2. Like Totally
Veröffentlicht: 17.05.2017
in der Serie The Programmable Image
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Let’s take a step back here from the conceptually thrilling if psychologically chilling conclusion of the my last post that stated that the POTUS-Twitter cyborg was at once AI, a programmed image and a programmable image. Let me add that this sci-fi sounding conclusion is not my “belief,” it is derived from where the concepts lead. The rise of the technical image, the autonomy of the photographic program, its convergence with financialization (something that Flusser did not perceive well), and the subjugation of discursive function and consciousness to its operating system, lead to the conclusion that not only is photography a kind of AI, but that nodal points in imagistic function (popular images or widely disseminated screen-states) that arise out of the information flow of communication-logistics and group cathexis are, when viewed psychoanalytically, “symptoms” of that AI in a particular state. When viewed discursively, these images are utterances. They are machine states that appear as statements.

Clearly to posit the assemblage formerly known as “the leader of the free world” as an image that is an iteration of AI is at once to insist upon the surface of the image and upon the informatic processing accomplished by that signifying surface. It is to say that the various iterations of the POTUS-Twitter are moments in the inexorable number crunch of The World Computer. Hewing closely to such statistically likely science fiction is also to de-emphasize to the point of suppressing or even ignoring whatever goes on beneath the surface of the image (the president’s IQ, psychosis, intentions, the political beliefs held by Twitter shareholders, the style-choices of the groomers, photographers, speechwriters, the reportage of the press, etc., as well as the meanings, affects, or sensations experienced by receivers of said image) and blackboxing all of it – at least for the moment.

This sketch of image as data-visualization, as nodal point of sociality, as iteration of machinic function, can be understood by means of comparing it to Marx’s notion of price. Price in brief is the assignation of number to a social relation by the market. It is the market’s best-effort background calculus of all relevant information such that the abstract universal labor time that informs any commodity whatever, can be quantified and denominated in money in a particular place-time. Price is an image of those relations – the summation of those complex and volatile relations reduced to a single number.

In practice, we are familiar with this function of price even if we do not understand the micropolitics of its operations – we use prices everyday as we exchange currency for goods, or even as we imagine our financial strategies over the short or long term. “The financialization of everyday life,” as Randy Martin put it, means that every activity is submitted to a cost/benefit or risk/reward analysis at some level, even as it means that the metrics necessary for such analysis (thinking) are coming into existence, colonizing the mind and transforming the operations of the imagination. Here the dual meaning of the word currency is useful; it suggests an adequation between what can be measured (and therefore valued in quantitative terms) and what can happen. The currencies of “likes” on Facebook and Instagram, and as importantly the currency of page views, not only embody this dual notion, they also become vehicles for the conversion back and forth between “finance” and “culture.” This convertibility – of culture into finance, of finance into culture, of likes into money, of money into likes – itself suggests something we already sense in the stress of our daily exercise of our “options”: that the domains of culture and finance are now inextricably imbricated. Culture(s) has (have) been subsumed by finance and this intensifying subsumption is machine-mediated and thus far, irreversible.

One point of these examples – those of price, internet currencies, and images as data-visualizations – is that each of these can be represented by a number: $12, 14,500 likes, or the string of digits that can be written as a single number from the matrix of pixel values in the digital display of any image whatever. What follows from that, and hopefully justifies this excursion, is that social relations of extraordinarily high complexity, breadth and density can be and are represented as numbers. Numbers of various kinds can, in theory at least, be assigned to any activity whatever, and in practice are assigned to an unconceptualizeable and therefore sublime number of them. These relations in themselves and in their interactivity today ineluctably pass through number. Furthermore, these machine-mediated numbers interoperate algorithmically. One name we have been using to express the totality of this process is Photography, but from this description I hope it is clear that we barely understand what this term means and that most of our definitions of this “medium” are outmoded.

To return to my question from the previous post, “Is photography a medium or is it ‘media?”, we can see, building on Flusser, that photography as a, if not the, dominant social practice turns other media into media for its instantiations. It converts other mediations into subroutines for its own production. We could say that it subsumes them. As Flusser already noted, all activities today aspire to be photographed. Whether you’re a Higgs boson, or an ISIS recruiter, you need a movie to build your career. If you’re a POTUS-tweet you need to show up in the newspaper or on the evening news. Unlike Flusser, we have added to our diagram a recognition of the convergence of financialization with photography, a thesis that the information processing accomplished in and through photography is also an operation of financial logic. Indeed, arguably, the emergent and still emerging medium of photography, with whose definition we are struggling, was the medium of capital expansion – its new domain.

This claim that photography was an emergent medium of capital and of financialization makes a lot of sense in as much as it then casts a now familiar history into clear relief. The visual was the new frontier for industrialization and capital expansion, through it the colonization of planetary space and time was ever more efficiently extended into the sensorium and language. Capital’s ramification of the senses by machines brought new worksites outside the plantation and the factory walls right to the eye, to the senses and to the neural cortex. Images became worksites, and, as I wrote in The Cinematic Mode of Production, looking, a specialized form of attention, was posited as productive labor. Photography then cinema then computation arose as a more thoroughgoing, more complete and more totalitarian capture of the productive capacity of the “human” and its relation to the bios. It contains within its emergence at once the pathway to an even greater liberation of the productive forces along with their utopian aspirations for self-liberation from all forms of finitude, and the most brutal, violent, oppressive, genocidal modes of governmentality and warfare to date. Weaving together the visual, the financial, and the digital – and changing the meaning and function of all of these through and as the rise of information – photography as a medium of capital expansion was and is the best and the worst thing that ever actually happened.

Is photography understood thus less as something artists or satellites do and more as a kind of totalizing system, a kind of totalitarianism? Does this writing with light that combines itself with celebrity, politics and finance, ultimately inscribe itself on the bodies and globe of planet Earth and institute its current (dis)order? Is the granular resolution of photography and the photo-graphic synonymous with finance? With information? Is it another name for what elsewhere I have been calling computational capital – racial capitalism with the discrete state machine – that antedates the discrete state machine but recognizes the computational power of both capital and the camera as apparatus? Does “the universe of the technical image” that results from the synthetic convergence of photography, digitality and finance require from us a rethinking of the concept of totality and questions of agency, autonomy and (self-)determination?

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